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이 글은 영어로 작성된 원문을 한국어로 번역한 것입니다.

GNU is the only operating system developed specifically to give its users freedom. What is GNU, and what freedom is at stake?

GNU란 무엇인가?

GNU is an operating system that is free software—that is, it respects users' freedom. The development of GNU made it possible to use a computer without software that would trample your freedom.

We recommend installable versions of GNU (more precisely, GNU/Linux distributions) which are entirely free software. More about GNU below.

GNU 실행 화면

What is the Free Software Movement?

The free software movement campaigns to win for the users of computing the freedom that comes from free software. Free software puts its users in control of their own computing. Non-free software puts its users under the power of the software's developer. See the video explanation.

자유 소프트웨어란 무엇인가?

Free software means the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.

Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.

More precisely, free software means users of a program have the four essential freedoms:

  • (첫번째 자유) 프로그램을 원하 어떠한 목적으로도 실행할 수 있는 자유.
  • (두번째 자유) 프로그램이 어떻게 동작하는지 학습하고, 자신의 필요에 맞게 개작할 수 있는 자유. 이것을 위해서는 소스 코드에 대한 접근이 전제되어야 합니다.
  • (세번째 자유) 이웃을 도울 수 있도록 복제물을 재배포할 수 있는 자유.
  • (네번째 자유) 프로그램을 개선시킬 수 있는 자유와 개선된 이점을 공동체 전체가 누릴 수 있게 그것을 발표할 자유. 이를 위해서는 역시 소스 코드에 대한 접근이 전제되어야 합니다.

Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms even more important now than they were in 1983.

Nowadays the free software movement goes far beyond developing the GNU system. See the Free Software Foundation's web site for more about what we do, and a list of ways you can help.

More about GNU

GNU is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known as the GNU Project. Many of the programs in GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project; those we call GNU packages.

The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix.” “GNU” is pronounced g'noo, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r with n.

The program in a Unix-like system that allocates machine resources and talk to the hardware is called the “kernel”. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake.

GNU's own kernel, The Hurd, was started in 1990 (before Linux was started). Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project.

More information.

Try GNU/Linux!

Planet GNU RSS 피드

LibrePlanet 2015 brings free software luminaries to MIT: Richard Stallman gave the opening keynote At a ceremony on Saturday, March 21st, Free Software Foundation executive director John Sull... more

LibrePlanet 2015: Highlights and what comes next: With approximately 350 people in attendance, we kept pace with last year—with a few improvements. In particular, our tech team did a fantastic... more

LibrePlanet 2015: Day one roundup: FSF's newest board member, Kat Walsh On Saturday morning, the new green and white LibrePlanet logo was all over MIT's Stata Center, from our new banners to... more

위의 내용은 Planet GNU 블로그에서 자동으로 피드된 것입니다. 보다 많은 소식을 알고 싶다면 Planet GNU 사이트를 방문해 주세요.


GNU Lightning is a library that generates assembly language code at run-time. Thus, it is useful in creating Just-In-Time compilers. It abstracts over the target CPU by exposing a standardized RISC instruction set to the clients. (doc)

모든 GNU 패키지에 대한 간단한 설명.

지금 행동합시다!

다음 최우선 순위 프로젝트에 기여해 주시겠어요? Gnash, coreboot, GNU/Linux 자유 배포판, GNU Octave, 네트워크 라우터 드라이버, GDB의 가역 디버깅, 자동 트랜스크립션 프로그램, PowerVR 드라이버, Skype 대체 자유 소프트웨어, OpenDWG 라이브러리, Oracle Forms.

아직 관리자를 구하지 못한 GNU 패키지를 맡아 주시지 않겠습니까? gleem, gnukart, halifax, jwhois, metahtml, orgadoc, polyxmass, superopt, sysutils, teximpatient, 이 프로젝트들 관리자를 찾고 있습니다.. 그리고, 이 패키지들은 공동 관리자를 찾고 있습니다. aspell, gnuae, metaexchange, powerguru. 더 자세한 정보는 해당 패키지의 웹 페이지에서 확인할 수 있습니다.

[FSF logo]“Our mission is to preserve, protect and promote the freedom to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer software, and to defend the rights of Free Software users.”

The Free Software Foundation is the principal organizational sponsor of the GNU Operating System. Support GNU and the FSF by buying manuals and gear, joining the FSF as an associate member, or making a donation, either directly to the FSF or via Flattr.

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FSF유럽라틴 아메리카, 인도에 자매 기관을 갖고 있습니다.